Most firearm craftsmen and high-end furniture may

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There is a saying in China that "slow work leads to fine work". However, assembly line production in the industrial era continues to impact traditional handicrafts, making "handiwork" invaluable. At the 2016 two sessions, Premier Li Keqiang proposed to "cultivate the craftsman spirit of excellence", and the word "craftsman spirit" quickly became popular. What does "craftsman spirit" mean for craftsmen who use polyurethane foam as an efficient heat insulation material? Is it just the requirement of work, or is it a spirit of craftsmanship

furniture made by traditional technology has extremely high artistry, which leads to the limitations of the sensor used to install the mobile device in the gripper. Furniture made of pure solid wood and pure hand carving can highlight the unique charm and extraordinary value of craft furniture only in this way. Exquisite and pure handmade furniture is endowed with eternal artistic vitality. Just like oriental aesthetics, which stresses ingenuity and relaxation of market access, it has a lasting appeal from the inside, which is very literati. Traditional hand-made lacquer furniture is one of the models. Through the dialogue between the craftsman's heart, eyes, hands and furniture, the inner feelings are deeply reflected in the furniture with unique language and construction methods, so that every work contains the craftsman's feelings and Kung Fu. Between a tenon and a mortise, when turning and turning, it condenses the essence of China's traditional household culture for thousands of years, and also carries the extremely perfect craftsmanship inheritance of Chinese craftsmen

inheritance and development of traditional lacquer art

lacquer tree originated in China. China is the country that used lacquer the earliest. Lacquer painting technology is a great invention of our ancestors. From the painting of Hemudu to the integration of cultural significance, from the practicality of single element decoration to the beauty of multi-element and multi-color viewing, lacquer art continues to innovate on the basis of inheritance and combines with modern aesthetic needs, Gradually become the material culture and spiritual culture that people pursue

lacquer ware is the main body of lacquer art. In the past, there was no concept of "lacquer art". The concept of lacquer art evolved gradually from lacquer ware. In the traditional sense, lacquer art is a decorative art that uses natural lacquer to paint on the carrier of utensils to make utensils more beautiful, that is, the art of decorating utensils with lacquer as the medium

lacquer art initially appeared only for the sake of making life utensils more durable. At the same time, it also has a unique visual beauty. Dating back to the Hemudu culture period, our ancestors have painted vermilion paint on wooden bowls, painted in the Warring States period, and painted scenes of hunting, music and dance; There are hundreds of gods and monsters painted on the lacquer coffins of the Han Dynasty; Lacquer screens in the northern and Southern Dynasties depict the stories of chaste women and martyrs, which are all decorations of lacquer ware. From the first day when lacquer was applied, its beautiful luster made it have both practical and aesthetic functions in the long river of future use, and finally became the dual carrier of material culture and spiritual culture. The perfect unity of practicality and aesthetics also gives lacquer art a more spacious space for development

lacquer art has been applied to furniture for a long time. In the genealogy of Chinese classical furniture, lacquer furniture has always represented the highest level of craftsmanship and is a special product and collection of imperial palaces and dignitaries. From the preserved furniture of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, we can see that lacquer furniture has a wide variety of processes, including beds, tables, chairs, cabinets, screens, shelves and screens. Its artistic expression techniques are rich and colorful, such as jade inlay, gold paint painting, carving and filling gold and carving gray and moistening color, which shows the unique skill of lacquer craft and reflects the wisdom of ancient working people

at present, the earliest kind of Chinese lacquer furniture we can see is the painted painted bed of the Warring States period unearthed in Changtaiguan, Xinyang, Henan Province. At the same time, there are also lacquer cases, lacquer tables, etc. Lacquer tables and cases of lacquer ware from the Warring States period unearthed from the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng in suixian County, Hubei Province, as well as painted suitcases. In the Han Dynasty, lacquering and painting were the main characteristics of wooden furniture. For example, lacquer tables unearthed from Mawangdui Han tomb in Changsha, lacquer tables unearthed from Luoyang Han tomb in Henan, Huchang Han tomb in Yangzhou, and Laoshan Han tomb in Beijing. In the Tang Dynasty, gold lacquer inlay, mother of pearl inlay, color painting and other processes were widely combined with furniture

after Zhenghe's voyages to the West in the Ming Dynasty, with the development of overseas trade, hardwood such as red sandalwood was introduced into China in large quantities from Southeast Asia and Nanyang islands, and hardwood furniture gradually replaced lacquer furniture and occupied the dominant position. Although the number of lacquer furniture is relatively reduced, it is more colorful in variety and artistic style. Ming and Qing Dynasties are the representative and peak period of Chinese classical furniture. Lacquer furniture in this period pays more attention to functionality and form in shape, and mostly adopts the combination of circle, arc and curve. In form, it also abandoned the cumbersome and gorgeous Road, and was mostly supplemented by lacquer painting, carving, painting and inlaying, which formed the unique characteristics of lacquer furniture in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

until modern times, under the impact of Western technology, materials, new materials and social influence, the development of traditional lacquerware began to slow down. With the popularization of large-scale industrial production methods, standardized mass-produced industrial products have greatly met the material needs of the public, and traditional handicrafts have gradually lost their former glory. Although after the Republic of China, the demand for high-end craft furniture as ornamental and collectible items did not decrease, the demand for practical craft furniture products has greatly decreased. It has been suggested that the decline of traditional practical furniture products in modern society is due to the loss of its social living space and consumption soil. The centuries old stagnant traditional craft production and old product modeling have indeed lost its advantages and living space in modern society. But on the other hand, the author does not think that traditional craft has lost its advantages and living space. On the contrary, if it is redeveloped and designed, its vitality is vigorous. We must understand, recognize, absorb and inherit the culture and tradition of the nation itself

moreover, the development of many modern industrial production and modern design in the west is largely due to the inheritance and development of traditional processes. On the contrary, although China recognizes the importance of the development of traditional crafts, due to the market demand for ornamental crafts and furniture with collection value, it is also inclined to high-end crafts in production and research, especially for craft products with high collection value. We can see this from the "treasure appraisal" programs with high TV ratings and the rising auction prices of handicrafts. Contrary to the prosperity of traditional craft archaeological research, the research and production of practical craft furniture are even paler

although modern Chinese lacquer art is in a turning point, the characteristics of the times and nationality of furniture design are not contradictory. Modernization is not equal to westernization, and nationality is not equal to limitations. As we all know, China is the birthplace of lacquerware. Why is it that in modern times, Chinese lacquerware art has been derailed from the information age, lagging behind South Korea and Japan? It is worth pondering how Chinese lacquer furniture will develop forward

the return and modern continuation of classical lacquer art

from ancient times to the present, lacquer furniture has always been the mainstream of Chinese furniture from south to north. Chinese traditional furniture mostly shows the texture beauty of the material itself, so the furniture surface with exquisite material selection is often wiped many times with raw paint, which not only protects the beautiful texture of the furniture surface and wood grain, but also increases the gloss. Natural paint is also by far the most stable and non-toxic paint in the world, and safety is the most important condition for practical products to directly contact human skin, lips and lips. The safety advantages of natural paint, which has been proved by practice for more than 7000 years, are obvious compared with synthetic chemical paint, which is only less than a century old. After drying, the lacquer film is very strong. After painting, the surface of the utensils not only has the luster of ceramics and metals, but also has the touch of warmth and silkiness like skin. Because the testing technology requires the good inclusiveness of natural paint, it can be combined with other materials to meet people's higher-level spiritual enjoyment on the basis of material needs

when we observe lacquer art in the contemporary cultural environment, there is a great expansion space in terms of modeling materials, technology and decorative aesthetics, and it has been integrated and developed in the new era and new space environment. At the same time, with the rapid development of China's economy and the improvement of consumption capacity, people have higher and higher requirements for high-grade home environment. Modern home decoration has gradually turned to the direction of pursuing harmonious creation and rich national cultural connotation, which is in perfect harmony with the aesthetic performance characteristics of traditional lacquer art and national traditional style

at the same time, the rapid development of industrial technology and aquatic products has also made the space where people live full of a large number of mechanized products and modern materials, which has greatly weakened the aesthetic emotional factors in the architectural space. Under the influence of the environmental concept of returning to nature and tracing its roots, lacquer art, a traditional art with manual traces, rich humanistic connotation and unique aesthetic taste, has greatly met people's needs for spiritual culture. Perhaps in the near future, there will be a situation predicted by the person in charge of a furniture paint brand: the top-grade furniture surface decoration will be handmade by artists and regarded as works of art, rather than the assembly line works of painters in the factory

because, with a long history, Chinese lacquer art itself has the dual attributes of pure art and arts and crafts. It has a strong artistic expression, which makes lacquer art and public art form a good fit. Lacquer art can express a wide range of themes and diverse forms. In addition, rich materials and changing textures have brought rich visual effects and strong impact to lacquer art works. It is precisely because of this feature that lacquer art can adapt to various space environments, meet the needs of the environment for artistry and personality, and become a form of expression that can not be ignored in public art

for thousands of years, our ancestors have accumulated these rich experience and knowledge, which is the source of our continuous development and rich knowledge. At the same time, it is also the foundation for the further integration of lacquer art and interior design. With these valuable assets, it can not fully meet the needs of modern interior design, so that lacquer art can truly become a new design element in interior design. Lacquer artists and interior designers should strengthen cooperation, In order to integrate lacquer art into interior design

art design is in a diversified world, which is mainly reflected in the diversification of materials and techniques, content and style, production structure and mode. We discuss the application of lacquer art in interior design in order to find the most appropriate combination between modern design and lacquer art, which can not only broaden the development path of lacquer art and revitalize Chinese lacquer art, but also enrich the creative language of interior design, which is its far-reaching significance

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