The economy of the three northeast provinces of th

2022-07-31
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National Development and Reform Commission: the economies of the three northeastern provinces are in the process of bottoming out

national development and Reform Commission: the economies of the three northeastern provinces are in the process of bottoming out

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since this year, the economies of the three northeastern provinces have continued the slowdown trend since last year, and the downward pressure is still great, However, some indicators in the second quarter improved or the decline narrowed compared with the first quarter. In the first half of the year, the GDP growth rate of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces was about 2.6%, 6.1% and 5.1%, still at a low level. In terms of the added value of industries above Designated Size, in the first half of the year, the growth rates of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces were -5.5%, 4.1% and -0.8% respectively; In terms of fixed asset investment, in the first half of the year, the growth rates of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces were -13.3%, 12.1% and 1.6% respectively; In terms of local fiscal revenue, in the first half of the year, the growth rates of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces were -22.9%, 0.9% and -20.1% respectively. The growth rate of these economic indicators in the three northeastern provinces is lower than the national average

although there is great downward pressure on the economic operation of the three northeastern provinces, there are also some highlights and positive changes that deserve attention. First, the agricultural situation is generally good. Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces have sown 220million Mu and 87million mu of crops. All kinds of crops are growing well, laying a solid foundation for this year's bumper grain harvest. Second, the development trend of the service industry is relatively stable. In the case of declining industrial growth in the three provinces, the pulling effect of the service industry on economic growth is prominent. In particular, the rapid development of tourism and finance, and the steady growth of the service industry are conducive to the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure in Northeast China. Third, the mental state of cadres and the masses has improved. The three provinces conscientiously implemented the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, turned pressure into a driving force, and the local governments' work energy was significantly enhanced. In addition, some positive factors and new driving forces are accumulating. Although the main indicators of Liaoning Province are still declining, compared with the first quarter, the decline of indicators such as industrial added value above Designated Size, fixed asset investment and fiscal revenue is narrowing, and the overall direction is starting to change to a better direction

based on all aspects of the situation, it is preliminarily judged that the economy of the three northeastern provinces is in the process of bottoming out, and is expected to stabilize and improve in the third and fourth quarters. The economy will show a trend of low in the first quarter and stable in the second quarter of the year

to accelerate the revitalization of the old industrial base in Northeast China, in the short term, we should ensure that there is no problem in people's livelihood and employment. At the same time, on the premise of avoiding increasing overcapacity, we should promote investment and steady growth, and increase investment in major infrastructure, key livelihood and other short board areas; In the medium and long term, we should strengthen our strategic focus, stick to the green mountains, firmly rely on deepening reform and innovation of systems and mechanisms, and rely on innovation to promote industrial upgrading

first, strengthen the study and judgment of economic situation and policy reserve. Closely follow up the changes in the situation, strengthen the monitoring and forecasting of the economic situation, pay special attention to timely identifying emerging and tendentious problems, and timely put forward targeted policy recommendations. At the same time, it is necessary to study the reserve policy and enrich the policy toolbox

second, make every effort to implement major policy documents. As soon as possible, we will promote the issuance of policy documents for the comprehensive revitalization of old industrial bases in the northeast and other regions, and increase support. Fully implement the opinions of the State Council on several major policies and measures to support the revitalization of Northeast China in the near future (GF [2014] No. 28), and implement all policies and measures

the third is to give better play to the key role of investment. We will increase support for railways, highways, water conservancy and urban management in Northeast China, as well as the relocation and transformation of old industrial areas and independent industrial and mining areas in urban areas, the transformation of shanty towns, and the treatment of coal mining subsidence areas, and formulate policies and measures to promote the comprehensive treatment of coal mining subsidence areas. Support the preliminary work of major projects, and study and establish a library of major projects for the revitalization of Northeast China. Pay close attention to studying and planning a number of projects that meet the direction and meet the conditions for commencement, and form a virtuous cycle of "building a batch, approving a batch, reserving a batch and planning a batch". We will innovate investment and financing mechanisms, encourage and guide social and private investment, and attract more social and private capital to participate in the construction of key projects

fourth, we are determined to promote reform in key areas. We will deepen the reform of the administrative examination and approval system and make great efforts to deepen the combination of streamlining administration, delegating power and delegating management. In accordance with the general requirements of the central government on deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises, accelerate the formulation of specific implementation opinions on deepening the reform of state-owned assets and state-owned enterprises in Northeast China. Organize and carry out pilot reform of private economy in Northeast China. The implementation opinions on promoting the development of innovation and entrepreneurship in the old industrial base in Northeast China and creating a new competitive advantage where the sample fracture is always on both sides shall be implemented. We will study and issue a number of specific implementation opinions and special reform plans that reflect the characteristics of Northeast China. For some major reform measures to be introduced by the state, we will promote the emergence of various new materials in Northeast China from time to time

fifth, vigorously discover and cultivate new growth points. Accelerate the development of emerging industries, promote the diversified development of industries, vigorously promote the development and transformation of single structure regions (cities), gradually form a new pattern of multi-point and multi industry support, and enhance economic stability and risk resistance. Research and establish investment funds for Northeast Revitalization industries and investment guidance funds for industrial structure adjustment at the local level, expand venture capital guidance funds for emerging industries, increase guidance and support, expand and strengthen basic intelligent robots, gas turbines, satellites and applications, biomedicine, green food deep processing and other industries, and form new advantageous industries. We will accelerate the development of new consumer oriented industries such as the information industry and e-commerce

sixth, support the development and opening platform construction in Northeast China. Accelerate the construction of Dalian Jinpu new area, study the establishment of national new areas in other cities, and cultivate the new area into a leading area for system and mechanism innovation and a new growth point for the revitalization of Northeast China. Actively promote the construction of Sino German high-end equipment manufacturing park in Shenyang. Formulate a special implementation plan to support the "going out" of northeast equipment manufacturing industry

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